RRML - Expression of tight junction transmembrane protein Claudin-1 in gastric carcinoma and effects on tumor cell proliferation, invasion and migration
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Nr. 30(1)/2022 DOI:10.2478/rrlm-2022-0007
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Original professional paper

Expression of tight junction transmembrane protein Claudin-1 in gastric carcinoma and effects on tumor cell proliferation, invasion and migration

Jun Lv, Zhuocui She, Ang Cai

Correspondence should be addressed to: Ang Cai

Abstract:

Background: Claudin-1 is involved in various cancers, but its expression and role in gastric carcinoma remain unclear. Materials and Methods: Gastric carcinoma and adjacent normal tissues were harvested from 60 patients. Claudin-1 expression was detected by RT-qPCR. The expressions in human gastric carcinoma MKN45, SGC7901 and MKN28 cells and immortalized human gastric epithelium GES-1 cells were determined by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Claudin-1 was overexpressed in SGC7901 cells by lentiviral transfection, and they were divided into Control (untransfected), normal control (NC) (transfected with lentiviral vector) and Claudin-1 (transfected with Claudin-1 overexpression lentivirus) groups. The proliferation, invasion and migration of gastric carcinoma cells were detected through cell counting kit-8, Transwell and wound healing assays, respectively. The effects of Claudin-1 on the expressions of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) marker proteins E-cadherin and N-cadherin were detected by Western blotting. Ten 4-week-old male BALB/c nude mice were subcutaneously injected with lentivirus-treated SGC7901 cells to establish the transplanted tumor model, and the effect of overexpression of Claudin-1 was explored. Results: The expression of Claudin-1 in gastric carcinoma tissues was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues (P<0.05). Overexpression of Claudin-1 significantly inhibited the proliferation, invasion and migration of SGC7901 cells, increased the expression of E-cadherin, and decreased that of N-cadherin (P<0.05). Overexpression of Claudin-1 in the mouse model significantly inhibited the growth of subcutaneous transplanted tumors (P<0.05). Conclusion: Claudin-1 has low expression in gastric carcinoma tissues. Overexpression of Claudin-1 inhibits the proliferation, invasion, migration, and EMT of gastric carcinoma cells, and subcutaneous tumorigenesis in nude mice.

Keywords: proliferation, gastric cancer, invasion, Claudin-1, epithelial-mesenchymal transition

Received: 29.9.2021
Accepted: 15.1.2022
Published: 17.1.2022

 
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How to cite
Lv J, She Z, Cai A. Expression of tight junction transmembrane protein Claudin-1 in gastric carcinoma and effects on tumor cell proliferation, invasion and migration. Rev Romana Med Lab. 2022;30(1):81-91. DOI:10.2478/rrlm-2022-0007