RRML - Laboratory diagnosis and follow-up of Romanian Gaucher disease patients
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Nr. 25(3)/2017 DOI:10.1515/rrlm-2017-0018
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Research article

Laboratory diagnosis and follow-up of Romanian Gaucher disease patients

Cristina Drugan, Tudor Drugan, Catherine Caillaud, Paula Grigorescu-Sido, Tiberiu Nistor, Alexandra M. Crăciun

Correspondence should be addressed to: Tudor Drugan

Abstract:

Background: Gaucher disease (GD) is caused by a recessively inherited deficiency of glucocerebrosidase which is encoded by the GBA gene in which nearly 450 mutations have been described. However, only a few genotype-phenotype correlations have been clearly established. The aim of this study was to investigate molecular features of GD in Romanian patients and to evaluate their impact on treatment response. Material and methods: 69 patients, diagnosed between 1997 and 2014 at our national referral laboratory, were included in this study. Frequent point mutations (N370S, L444P, 84GG, R463C) were detected by amplification and restriction enzyme digestion. Recombinant alleles (recTL, recNciI, recA456P) were screened by DNA sequencing. Plasma chitotriosidase served as a biomarker of disease severity throughout the follow-up period. Results: 66 patients had the non-neuronopathic (type 1) form of GD and 3 had the chronic neuronopathic (type 3) phenotype. We identified 79% of the mutant alleles, among which the most frequent mutations were N370S (54%) and L444P (18%). We found a statistically significant (p<0.001) and moderate to good correlation between the total therapeutic dose and the residual chitotriosidase activity (R = 0.621). After two years of treatment, we noticed statistically significant variations in chitotriosidase activity corresponding to the most frequent genotypes (N370S/unknown allele, N370S/L444P, N370S/N370S and N370S/R463Q). Conclusions: Allele distribution displayed specific features in Romanian GD patients, such as the high prevalence of the N370S allele. Chitotriosidase activity measurement allowed the investigation of genotype influence on treatment outcome.

Keywords: Gaucher disease, genotype-phenotype correlations, chitotriosidase, enzyme replacement therapy, Romanian population

Received: 26.2.2017
Accepted: 3.5.2017
Published: 24.5.2017

 
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How to cite
Drugan C, Drugan T, Caillaud C, Grigorescu-Sido P, Nistor T, Crăciun AM. Laboratory diagnosis and follow-up of Romanian Gaucher disease patients. Rev Romana Med Lab. 2017;25(3):275-85. DOI:10.1515/rrlm-2017-0018