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Nr. 27(4)/2019 DOI:10.2478/rrlm-2019-0038
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Case report

A chronic hepatitis B patient infected with HBsAg diagnostic-escape strain in the presence of anti-HBs positivity

Serkan Aydemir, Mustafa Taner Yildirmak, Murat Sayan, Süheyla Atak, Mehmet Kucuk

Correspondence should be addressed to: Serkan Aydemir

Abstract:

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is an important pathogen responsible for serious diseases like chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and liver cancer. Turkey is located in the intermediate endemic region based on the average HBV surface antigen positivity. The high replication capacity of HBV and the lack of proofreading activity of the reverse transcriptase (RT) enzyme makes the virus prone to mutations. In this study, S gene mutation which is detected in a chronic HBV case without any follow-up and treatment is presented. Although patient was HBsAg negative and anti-HBs positive in the examinations, the mutation analysis was performed upon the high level of HBV DNA load and sG145R (vaccine escape) mutation in S gene region and rtI169F, rtV173L, rtA181G and rtT184R mutations in pol gene region were detected. S gene region mutations may cause false negatives in diagnostic assays that detect HBsAg. At the same time, it is a public health problem because these HBV variants can also be transmitted by vertical and horizontal routes. Therefore, when atypical serological profiles are encountered, it is of utmost importance to remember S gene mutations and perform necessary analyses.

Keywords: HBsAg diagnostic test, vaccine-escape HBV variant, false negative HBsAg

Received: 15.5.2019
Accepted: 7.10.2019
Published: 20.10.2019

 
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How to cite
Aydemir S, Yildirmak MT, Sayan M, Atak S, Kucuk M. A chronic hepatitis B patient infected with HBsAg diagnostic-escape strain in the presence of anti-HBs positivity . Rev Romana Med Lab. 2019;27(4):421-6. DOI:10.2478/rrlm-2019-0038