RRML - Acute effects of recreational soccer on inflammatory response and cardiac and skeletal muscle damage indicators
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Dr. Adrian Man

   
 
Nr. 27(4)/2019 DOI:10.2478/rrlm-2019-0037
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Research article

Acute effects of recreational soccer on inflammatory response and cardiac and skeletal muscle damage indicators

Alper Aslan, Yasar Salcı, Bilal Bicer, Nazan Savas, Nizami Duran

Correspondence should be addressed to: Alper Aslan

Abstract:

Introduction: Previous studies have indicated that acute bouts of strenuous, long duration exercise induce significant increases in the inflammatory profile and cardiovascular risk markers. Although recreational soccer (RS) is a widespread activity, there are no data on this topic. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine RS-induced changes in inflammatory, cardiac, and skeletal muscle damage indicators in young and middle-aged males. Methods: Twelve young and 11 middle-aged males participated in the study. The participants played 6v6 1 h RS, where heart rate (HR) responses and external loads (distance covered, number of accelerations/decelerations) were determined. Blood samples were taken immediately prior to and following the matches, and 2 h, 4 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h later. Results: Absolute HR responses and the number of accelerations and decelerations were higher in young participants than the middle-aged participants (p < 0.05). RS increased high sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) in almost all participants. A total of 83.3% of the young participants exceeded the upper reference limit (URL), whereas none of the middle-aged participants exceeded the URL. Hs-cTnI levels returned to baseline after 24 and 48 h in the middle-aged and young participants, respectively. High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and creatine kinase (CK) increased in the middle-aged participants (p < 0.05), and in the young participants, though not significantly (p > 0.05). RS also led to significant increases in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in both groups (p < 0.05). Hs-CRP, CK, and LDH values returned to baseline levels within 48 to 72 h, except for the LDH values of the young participants. Conclusion: RS induced short-term increases in cardiac and skeletal muscle damage markers and the inflammatory profile in young and middle-aged RS participants.

Keywords: cardiovascular system, cardiac troponin, health and exercise, muscle damage, inflammation

Received: 28.5.2019
Accepted: 30.9.2019
Published: 10.10.2019

 
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How to cite
Aslan A, Salcı Y, Bicer B, Savas N, Duran N. Acute effects of recreational soccer on inflammatory response and cardiac and skeletal muscle damage indicators. Rev Romana Med Lab. 2019;27(4):389-99. DOI:10.2478/rrlm-2019-0037