RRML - Melatonin Receptor 1B Gene Polymorphisms, Haplotypes and Susceptibility to Schizophrenia
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Nr. 25(2)/2017 DOI:10.1515/rrlm-2017-0009
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Research article

Melatonin Receptor 1B Gene Polymorphisms, Haplotypes and Susceptibility to Schizophrenia

Ramin Saravani, Elahe Esmaeilzaei, Nafiseh Noorzehi, Hamid Reza Galavi

Correspondence should be addressed to: Hamid Reza Galavi

Abstract:

Melatonin has an important role in the regulation of human sleep circadian rhythms. Sleep disturbances commonly exist in schizophrenia (SCZ) patients. To begin its performance, melatonin must interact to its receptor. In the present study, Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of melatonin receptor gene 1 B (MTN1B) with SCZ development in Iranian population were investigated. The current case-control study was performed on 92 SCZ patients and 92 healthy control (HC) subjects. NESTED-PCR and ARMS-PCR modified methods (combination) and ARMS-PCR method were used on the genotype. The impact of MTN1B rs3781637 (T/C) and rs10830963(C/G) polymorphism variants on the risk SCZ in the sample of Iranian population was investigated. The findings showed significant association between MTN1B rs10830963(C/G) variant and SCZ (OR=2.78, 95%CI=1.25-6.25, P=0.012, GG vs. CC, OR=1.66, 95%CI=1.09-2.51, P=0.021 G vs. C, OR=3.85 95%CI=.89-8.33, P<0.0001, GG vs. CC+CG). There was no association between MTN1B rs3781637 (T/C) and SCZ risk. In addition, haplotype analysis revealed that TG and CC haplotype of rs3781637 (T/C) and rs10830963 (C/G) polymorphisms were associated with SCZ risk (P=0.039) and protective (P<0.0001) effects, respectively. The findings revealed that MTN1B rs10830963 (C/G) polymorphism was associated with the risk of SCZ; while another SNP rs3781637 (T/C) MTN1B gene did not show any risk/protection association with SCZ. Further studies with larger sample sizes and different ethnicities are required to approve the results.

Keywords: Schizophrenia, Melatonin Receptor 1 B, Single Nucleotide Polymorphism, Case-Control Study

Received: 11.11.2016
Accepted: 20.2.2017
Published: 13.3.2017

 
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How to cite
Saravani R, Esmaeilzaei E, Noorzehi N, Galavi HR. Melatonin Receptor 1B Gene Polymorphisms, Haplotypes and Susceptibility to Schizophrenia. Rev Romana Med Lab. 2017;25(2):125-33. DOI:10.1515/rrlm-2017-0009