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Nr. 25(4)/2017 DOI:10.1515/rrlm-2017-0025
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Research article

The frequency of shiga-like toxin (stx1 and stx2) and EHEC-hlyA in food by multiplex PCR

Cansu Onlen, Nizami Duran, Suphi Bayraktar, Emrah Ay, Burçin Ozer

Correspondence should be addressed to: Nizami Duran

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of shiga-like toxin (stx1 and stx2) and drug resistance profiles food-borne Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Hatay province, Turkey. Methods: The presence of the virulence genes (stx1, stx2, hlyA) in a total of 150 E.coli isolates were studied with multiplex PCR. Results: A total of 327 salad samples were analyzed. E. coli O157:H7 was detected in 150 (45.8 %) out of 327 analyzed samples. Of these 150 isolates, the presence of hly-A gene was detected in 32 (21.3%) E.coli isolates. A total of five (15.6%) isolates in this 32 hlyA positive isolates had stx2 gene, two (6.3%) of them had stx1 gene and one (3.1%) of the isolates was found to be positive for both stx1 and stx2 genes. It was found that all E.coli O157:H7 isolates were resistant to erythromycin. While the highest rate of antibiotic resistance was observed for ampicillin (68.8%), no antibiotic resistance against cefuroxime, ciprofloxacin and cephaperasone was identified. Conclusions: The results obtained in our province showed that E.coli strains isolated from salad samples were found to have some important virulence genes such as stx1, stx2, and hlyA. The stx2 frequency was found to be higher than stx1 frequency. Also, it was observed that there was not any significant correlation between drug resistance profiles and presence of toxin genes in E.coli O157:H7 strains. As a result, increasing frequency of STEC O157 serotype among foodborne pathogens is a growing public health problem.

Keywords: E.coli O157:H7, stx1, stx2, hly-A, PCR

Received: 2.3.2017
Accepted: 2.7.2017
Published: 17.7.2017

 
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How to cite
Onlen C, Duran N, Bayraktar S, Ay E, Ozer B. The frequency of shiga-like toxin (stx1 and stx2) and EHEC-hlyA in food by multiplex PCR. Rev Romana Med Lab. 2017;25(4):317-26. DOI:10.1515/rrlm-2017-0025